Mongolia travel means tackling a land of extremes, both in landscape – from its vast desert lands and rolling sand dunes to its lush green mountainous national parks – and in its lack of infrastructure, where you become just as frustrated as you do indulgent by the country’s areas of extreme isolation.
Outside of its unkempt capital, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia exists with very basic facilities, but that’s what makes it beautiful. On the road it can take hours of driving before you pass a small ger community, a Mongolian on horseback or another vehicle and in between you are blessed with the most stunning views of a country so untouched that you know you’ve reached the true heart of it.
- 1 Travel in Mongolia – Overlanding for Three Weeks
- 2 Mongolia Tours – Off the Beaten Track
- 3 20 Days in Mongolia
- 3.1 Day 1 – Visiting Ulaanbaatar
- 3.2 Day 2 – Ulaanbaatar to the Gobi desert
- 3.3 Day 3 – Baga Gazryn Chuluu Rock Formations
- 3.4 Day 4 – Ger Camp in the Gobi Desert
- 3.5 Day 5 – Dalanzagad to Gobi Discovery Ger Camp
- 3.6 Day 6 – Hiking in Yolin Am
- 3.7 Day 7 – Gobi Desert Khongoryn Els Sand Dunes
- 3.8 Day 8 – Visiting the Bayanzag Flaming Cliffs
- 3.9 Day 9 – Ongii Monastery to Arvaikhee
- 3.10 Day 10 – Stuck in Mongolia
- 3.11 Day 11 – Hiking in Orkhon Valley
- 3.12 Day 12 – Orkhon Valley Waterfalls
- 3.13 Day 13 – Visiting a Mongolian Family
- 3.14 Day 14 – Erdene Zuu Monastery in Kharkhorin
- 3.15 Day 15 – Ugii Lake
- 3.16 Day 16 – Hustain National Park and the Przewalski’s horses
- 3.17 Day 17 – Ulaanbaatar to Terelj National Park
- 3.18 Day 18 – Terelj National Park and Turtle Rock
- 3.19 Day 19 – Ghengis Khan statue on the Tuul River
- 3.20 Day 20 – Back to Ulaanbaatar
- 3.21 Related
Travel in Mongolia – Overlanding for Three Weeks
Kilometres travelled: 2492
Number of major times the truck got stuck: 2
Number of minor times the truck got stuck: 12
Number of incredible driving days: 15
Mongolia Tours – Off the Beaten Track
If you want to get off the beaten track, then you will love Mongolia. But this also comes with its frustrations where you need droves of patience and a good chunk of travel time to play around with. Firstly, there are hardly any roads. Roads are dirt tracks, or pre-made grooves in the land pointing the way and paved highroads are very few and far between.
Secondly, Mongolia is prone to unpredictable weather conditions, which means random onslaughts of rain and the likelihood that you are likely to get bogged at some point. There were countless numbers of times where we had to dig out and push the truck or find locals to come to the rescue – tractors are a saving grace here.
It’s a huge country that you could get lost in for weeks on end and when you accept the setbacks you start to see them as part of the big adventure – travel at its most raw. Back to basics, getting dirty and struggling with the lack of modern amenities we too often take for granted is part of what travelling in Mongolia is all about.
Mongolia travel changes you and makes you appreciate the beautiful patches on the earth’s surface that are untouched by extreme modernisation, pollution and over population.
20 Days in Mongolia
Starting and ending in the capital of Mongolia I spent 20 days overlanding in across the central and western Mongolian plains, travelling in a big clockwise circle through the scorching Gobi Desert to beautiful lakes, forests, canyons and waterfalls all the while passing huge herds of wild horses, camels, goats, yaks and cows.
My time in Mongolia was spent experiencing everything from bush camping to ger camps, finally learning how to erect a tent (at the tragic age of 29), being at one with nature (and to not care who sees you squatting in the process) and realising that animals like to roam and Mongolians love to chat – right outside your ger from 5am.
I’ve seen a night sky so clear that I didn’t think you could ever see so many stars, a land so serene in isolation and a culture so welcoming that I hope it never, ever becomes ruined by tourist traps or the greedy grips of mass capitalism (currently contained to Ulaanbaatar).
Day 1 – Visiting Ulaanbaatar
We spent a full day in Ulaanbaatar exploring what’s on offer outside of the ugly Soviet communist style architecture and all round dodgy feeling of the city. There’s a plenty to see and do here including a walk through the modern Sukhbaatar (Parliament) Square, the Gandan Monastery, the National History Museum and the shopping paradise of the Black Market. In the evening check out the singing, dancing and contortion talent at the Cultural Show before hitting a few bars and pubs. There’s so many you won’t know where to start.
Day 2 – Ulaanbaatar to the Gobi desert
We set off in the truck from Ulaanbaatar for a drive to the Baga Gazryn Chuluu rock formations in the Gobi desert. Due to heavy traffic getting out of the city and general road conditions we got delayed and so decided to set up bush camp for the evening. Be prepared for delays in Mongolia but delight in being the only people in the area. All the space is yours.
Day 3 – Baga Gazryn Chuluu Rock Formations
We got to Baga Gazryn Chuluu – rock formations worshipped by locals who make pilgrimages here partly because it is said that Ghengis Khan camped here – before journeying to the Gobi Desert.
On the way we got to experience the famous Nadaam Festival when we passed through the local town of Mandal Govi. It was full of wrestling, horse racing, archery and fairground style fun. Nadaam means ‘games’ and the buzz was all around us. We were the only Westerners there and it was great to be a part of a traditional Mongolian community celebration, even if the afternoon was marred by a bogging which resulted in the truck not being released from the soft mud until midnight.
Day 4 – Ger Camp in the Gobi Desert
Today was the day we were supposed to get to our first ger camp but after approximately 30 kilometres we encountered a huge ditch of water on the road resulting in us having to drain the water by hand and build a road and a dam for most of the afternoon to help us get across. Although this sounds horrendous it actually created a great sense of camaraderie and ultimately a huge sense of achievement. Afterwards we got to camp on a high point of the Gobi Desert instead near to the town of Tsogoovi.
Day 5 – Dalanzagad to Gobi Discovery Ger Camp
We began our journey without a hitch to the ger Camp called ‘Gobi Discovery’ stopping at the town of Dalanzagad on the way. Mongolian towns are typically very small and compact settlements which are fairly large in size but without the ruin of a city like Ulaanbaatar.
Day 6 – Hiking in Yolin Am
We hiked in Yolin Am, a beautiful canyon in the Gobi which is also an ice valley, and which hosts a huge glacier all year round. The hike was spectacular but, unfortunately for us, little of the glacier remained although we had lots fun playing with what little ice there was regardless.
Day 7 – Gobi Desert Khongoryn Els Sand Dunes
Lots of sandy riverbed crossings eventually leading us to ger camp number two, Khongoryn Els Ger Camp, where just by opening your ger door you were greeted with a breathtaking view of the Gobi and the Khongoryn Els sand dunes, which I later climbed, drank beer on and ran down. That was after a camel ride, of course.
Day 8 – Visiting the Bayanzag Flaming Cliffs
Bumpy mountain roads took us to the spectacular Bayanzag Flaming Cliffs, like a Mongolian version of the Grand Canyon, but smaller, where lots of dinosaur fossils and eggs were found. A great backdrop for bush camping.
Day 9 – Ongii Monastery to Arvaikhee
When the communists invaded Mongolia in the 1930’s (known as the Purges), nearly all Monasteries were destroyed. Ongii Monastery was one of them and we visited the ruins here before driving to Arvaikheer where heavy rain forced us into a hotel for the night (cue a huge whoop of joy). At times, random bad weather makes bush camping in Mongolia impossible so be prepared for a budget recount.
Day 10 – Stuck in Mongolia
We began our journey to the third ger camp but got badly bogged around midday after the truck had to swerve slightly of course to miss a drunk driver who came in our path (sadly a lot of people drink and drive here). It took over five hours to get out, with the help of a small local tractor, and during that time a few of us who remained to help with the truck (a few were rescued by local jeeps) lost our minds. It was an hilarious few hours that would have made an excellent documentary and which is probably how a Lord of the Flies scenario starts.
The roads were not hard enough for the truck to continue, especially with all the hills. After setting up tents and cooking dinner two small vans came to the rescue to take us on our two hour journey to the Ger Camp. It was a scary ride in the dark, where we stopped at the driver’s backyard and where a small boy jumped into the hold of the van for the rest of the journey. We decided to name this poor hostage Wilfred.
Day 11 – Hiking in Orkhon Valley
I highly recommend staying in a ger camp in the beautiful Orkhon Valley. There’s nothing like a good hike through the beautiful forest to reach the Tuvkhon Monastery and to see the surrounding area. Pure bliss.
Day 12 – Orkhon Valley Waterfalls
The Orkhon Valley waterfall was the next stop on our five hour drive to the next ger camp. This camp plays host to the famous hot springs in the region where I lost my skinny dipping virginity after copious amounts of beer and vodka shots. I still haven’t seen any photos.
Day 13 – Visiting a Mongolian Family
Fully clothed, of course, we took a mini hike through the lush green forest to visit the source of the hot springs. When you come across your first sighting of trees after two weeks of barren land you really begin to appreciate such incredible surroundings.
As we had two Mongolian guides with us (invaluable support in a country where very little or no English is spoken or understood) we were able to visit a Mongolian family in the late afternoon to learn about life in a ger. It wasn’t one of those dodgy ‘we have tourists here every week’ set up, but a traditional, local family who lived on an isolated patch of land in the valley. We tried their dairy products (their source of income) including fermented mare’s milk, curd and butter, before learning about ger rules and traditions and asking each other lots of questions!
Day 14 – Erdene Zuu Monastery in Kharkhorin
A quick stop in the nearby town of Tsetserleg was needed to stock up on food supplies. It was market day so the atmosphere was crazy. I get such a buzz from those moments when you really don’t know where you are at and what to do and where you have to work hard to communicate and negotiate.
We later visited what is considered to be the most important Monastery in the country, Erdene Zuu Monastery in Kharkhorin – the first Buddhist monastery in Mongolia which had up to 100 temples and 1,000 monks before the purges in 1937. Only three temples were left standing, alongside a number of statues and other items.
Day 15 – Ugii Lake
A visit to the museum we camped next to – the Kultigen Monument, housing artifacts from the Turkish empire – set us on the way to the nearby Ugii Lake where we would relax all day and camp for one night. This lake is stunning and would take most of a day to walk around but it’s a great place to unwind and reflect. I count this as one of my most favourite spots in all of Mongolia.
Day 16 – Hustain National Park and the Przewalski’s horses
We arrived at Hustain National Park in the afternoon to settle into a ger camp. This National Park is known for its rare Przewalski’s horses unique to Mongolia. It started off like a mad safari where we were expecting to see a Unicorn and in all honesty I’m not crazy about horses, so when we finally tracked down a small group of them it was a bit of a let down as we couldn’t actually get that close to them.
Still, we got to meet the ‘Best Mongolian Folk Band in Mongolia’ called Domog in the evening after a fantastic show where rock style tunes were belted out via throat singing. I guess it is the equivalent of meeting Westlife in Ireland. Seriously.
Day 17 – Ulaanbaatar to Terelj National Park
We had to journey back through the crazy, construction overloaded, traffic ridden Ulaanbaatar in order to get to Terelj National Park and the last ger camp of the trip (we were due to bush camp but, you guessed it, the weather put a stop to that). It’s amazing how just a few hours down the road from the capital brings you to some of the most spectacular landscape of the country.
Day 18 – Terelj National Park and Turtle Rock
If you love walking and hiking, you will love Terelj National Park. Here you can wander for hours, hike to a Monastery and horse ride through the forests and rocky hilltops. Make sure you check out ‘Turtle Rock’ too. You may think it looks like something else from a certain angle!
Day 19 – Ghengis Khan statue on the Tuul River
Nothing beats the end of the wilderness journey than a visit to the giant 40 metre tall silver Ghengis Khan statue just outside of Ulaanbaatar on the banks of the Tuul River. Legend has it that it was at this spot that Ghengis Khan found his golden whip. What a clever whip that was to turn itself into gold. Anyhow, a bit of a pilgrimage spot for locals, it was slightly fascinating (if not a bit odd and imposing) in the same way a huge silver statue of Hitler in Germany would probably evoke the same feeling.
Day 20 – Back to Ulaanbaatar
Back in Ulaanbaatar, I turned my hostel room into an office and distracted myself with a pizza slice, cake and coffee at Wendy’s Bakery – definitely worth a visit alongside the State Department Store, which is right next to the hostel area. As much as Ulaanbaatar is teaming with life (and pick pockets) nothing beats being out in the vast lands which I will always class as the ‘real’ Mongolia. I guess I need to get used to this city life again now that Beijing is my next stop.
Mongolia with always in my heart as the place where travelling was challenging, basic, gritty but always absolutely beautiful.