Nature in Latvia is both abundant and preserved, and the discovery of its best spots can be easily accessed when visiting Gauja National Park, in a ring of green sites close to the capital, Riga.
Gauja National Park is the largest national park in Latvia and a protected area set up in 1973 to preserve the area’s huge biodiversity and geologically diverse terrain. Named after the Gauja River that flows through it, almost half its 90,000-hectare surface area is comprised of unspoiled forest, where 900 plants, 140 bird and close to 50 mammal species thrive within.
Primarily a nature reserve, filled in with 350 million-year-old red-orange rocky outcrops and sandstone cliffs, verdant valley beds and tempting lakes, Gauja National Park is also an area people visit for its hotspots of historical and cultural significance.
Because of that, the overwhelming amount of things to do in Gauja National Park can be hard to narrow down, and so we choose to explore Līgatne, Vidriži, Ērgļi, Cēsis and Sigulda in five days to see the best of this sightseeing mix.
Combining nature and adventure activities with cultural monuments and historic towns of interest, we explored history in secret Soviet Bunker and castle visits, centuries-old culture and traditions in ceremonies including a Latvian bath ritual and the nature trails, forests, lakes, caves and the Great Oaks Hike that make up the wilderness of this special region.
Watch: A Latvia Nature Adventure in Gauja National Park
This overview will give you a good starting point on how to visit Gauja National Park on a road trip with a well-rounded plan, whether you have one weekend or one week.
[The following trip to Gauja National Park and the planning of the itinerary in accordance with our interests and timings was in conjunction with Magnetic Latvia (the Latvia tourism board) whom we partnered with in order to showcase the best of Latvia nature. This article also contains affiliate links, where I receive a commission for purchases made through these links, at no extra cost to you.]
- 1 What to Do and Where to go in Gauja National Park
- 2 LīGATNE
- 3 VIDRIŽI (North of Līgante)
- 4 ĒRGLI (South of Līgante)
- 5 LATVIA’S LAKES AND WATERSIDE LIVING
- 6 CĒSIS
- 7 SIGULDA
- 8 Best Time to Go to Gauja National Park, Latvia
- 9 How to get to Gauja National Park (From Riga)
- 10 Where to Stay in Gauja National Park
- 11 Planning Your Trip to Gauja National Park
- 12 Want to Go on a Latvia Nature Adventure? Pin It!
What to Do and Where to go in Gauja National Park
Līgatne is a peaceful, historic town that sits within Gauja National Park. The drive to Līgante from Riga draws you into pristine farmers fields, cut by small gravel roads flanked by grand, aged trees.
Notably, it’s an outdoor enthusiast’s space not far from the city where you can get lost within the pathways that mark out the Ligatne Walking Trails. Or find yourself in pockets of dense forest and resting beside peaceful water spots.
Ligatne Nature Trails and Caves
The Ligatne Nature Trails are not an arduous trek, but a light hiking trail around 4km long that take up to two hours, depending on your speed as well as how much you stop to observe the animals and lose yourself in the forest arches, which you might have to yourself. The Trail in Lignates follows the walls of red-washed sandstone cliffs to elevated viewpoints.
Nature may still dominate the former paper mill village and run a trailed loop around it, but some of the former buildings still stand. Others, like the Hotel Zeit, are repurposing old factories into accommodation space and healthy eateries using locally sourced produce.
On the historical walking trail of the village – worth saving at least half a day for – you are likely to stumble upon the legendary Ligatne Caves, whose carvings and corridors are the living tales of the village.
The Ligatne Basement Cellar Caves and rock highlights such as Lustūzis and Anfabrika cliff are protected sites with national importance. The 300 cellar caves were created by those working at the Paper Mill who dug them out of the sandstone cliffs and the stand today as a testament to the village industry history and where you can go and sample local rhubarb wine.
Experience a Traditional Latvian Sauna
Bathhouse tradition in Latvia is more than just a sauna to cleanse the body. A Latvian Pirts is also a place where you go to cleanse your mind and soul. We drove to a campsite in the Ligatnes region called Lígatnes Zemturi where the bathhouse was located. We also stayed here overnight, as you need to fully relax after the sauna.
Nature is the best healer and here, heat and steam, combined with the use of various plants and herbs used on the body, heal the body in various ways, combined with bathing in a cold water pool after. This is a back-to-back process that lasts around four hours.
Importantly, the ‘Bath Wife’ explains the history of the tradition and the typical process, as well as what plants and herbs are used to you before you go to the sauna to begin the cleansing ritual. Since I’m more of a rational person than I am spiritual, I did go into this with the view that it would be an intense sauna.
Except it’s a powerful, therapeutic experience and it became something I will always find hard to ever express clearly because it’s so deeply personal. How this woman was able to ‘read’ me; how she was able to draw out the biggest emotional pain of my life (without knowing anything about me) and slowly and gently allow me to grieve and find more closure with it; how my body was shaking as the plants and herbs works their magic; how I cried when that pain was realised and spoken of deeply.
During a Latvian Bath Ritual, you are at your most vulnerable if you allow yourself to be, and with that, this experience can shift your emotional consciousness.
This authentic Latvian bath ritual experience was organized via The Latvian Element, which has direct contact with the Bath House at the campsite and can arrange a booking for you.
Zvartes Rock and Hike the Amata Trail
We found Zvārtes Rock – one of the most picturesque nature spots in Latvia within a canvas of valleys, rivers, and sandstone and dolomite cliffs.
Hiking in Gauja National Park is possible, with well-signed routes that help keep to the geological preservation of the area, especially concerning the Amata – the fastest flowing river in Latvia that winds through the valley.
The Amata Trail is a 12 km path that runs alongside the River – a four to five-hour endeavour that starts at Hotel Karlamuiza or from the bridge on the Vidzeme highway in Melturi and ends at the Veclauču Bridge. You’ll eventually be tucked away from the Vidzeme highway, passing through dense patches of forest, tiny villages and amassing the scenery of the much-loved rocks – Ķaubju, Dzilnas, Lustūzis and, of course, the famous Zvartes. This route is not suitable for bikes.
Soviet Bunker Visit
A reverse from being in the outdoors and instead, going underground, the Soviet Bunker in Ligatne is a significant part of Gauja National Park’s landscape. The secrecy grading was only removed in 2003 as Latvia prepared to join the EU and now serves as a museum, open twice a day at 12:00 and 14:00.
To understand Latvia, it’s important to get to grips with its darker periods of history and occupation. Independence was achieved in 1918 following time under Germany’s control in WWI, but only for a short while. In 1940, the Soviet Union occupied Latvia and then was occupied by Nazi Germany in 1941-1944, before the Soviet Red Army returned in 1944 to reclaim power until 1991.
A visit to the Soviet Secret Bunker is a part of this history where you will tour various meeting rooms and corridors as they found them intact, as well as see the direct telephone line to Moscow.
A fully equipped facility, 9m underground, covering a total area of 2,000 square metres, it was built to protect the political and state elite during the 1980s in case of nuclear war.
VIDRIŽI (North of Līgante)
We drove to Vidrizi for two experiences that would bring us closer to Latvian folklore and centuries-old traditions. While not geographically within Gauja National Park, Vidriži is best combined with Ligatne, which it neighbours to the north.
Latvian Fire Ritual
In a small field surrounded by oak trees and delicate flowers, we went to participate in an experience that would show us what a Baltic Tribe Fire Ritual looks like, with healers who see themselves as fully connected with nature and able to understand the natural phenomena associated with Latvian mythology.
Our first task was to pick flowers, which we would place in the outer ring circular fireplace, before helping to construct a grid framework from wood in the middle. Once the fire built to full flame, we would scoop the smoke in our hands and release it to the sky, listen to the chants of the healers and try to release our worries and impart our wishes onto nature, whereby it would be carried into the sky.
While this was not something I felt I got into or had any deep connection with it was, however, an interesting means from which to see this tradition and the process of how these people like to connect the physical and the spiritual. You can only then imagine what atmosphere is present when hundreds of healers are practising this together at the same time during the eight times of the year these grand rituals happen and at personal ceremonies for different stages of life. The Summer Solstice is the largest and most well-known of all the rituals.
The Grand Oaks Hike
For those wanting to have more of an immersive walk in nature and to try and feel the power of connection to nature, this hike is one to try. The farmer of the grain fields here in Vidrizi, Latvia permitted a single, sign-posed, marked path to pass through his fields as part of an official Grand Oaks Hike route.
He did so because he wanted to help raise awareness of Grand Oaks in Europe and that these trees, which stand at over 500 years old, should be protected and shared. Timeless trees that are common in Latvian folk songs and stories as a symbol of power. At each stop, you are encouraged to hug the trees, not only get a sense of their momentous size but to try and feel their strength.
The sign highlights that everyone must walk on a straight path towards the trees – allowing responsible access as well as maintaining protection of this beautiful area. It’s vital these rules are followed, even if you visit outside of a small and organised group.
‘The Grand Oak Tour and Latvian Mythology and Fire Ritual’ experience with The Latvian Element costs €70. You can book a time and date here.
ĒRGLI (South of Līgante)
You might not think to add Ērgļi to your itinerary, but you might want to consider it. While geographically not a part of Gauja National Park, it is within easy driving distance to it, located south of Ligatne.
Exploring the area surrounding the former 1937 constructed train station of Ergli with famous storyteller and Latvian TV personality, Māris Olte is a highlight for anyone wanting to learn about the regeneration of an area through the eyes of a local.
Visit ‘The Station’ – Reclaiming Latvia Nature
Māris purchased the abandoned building and transformed it into ‘Station’ – a restaurant and hangout space used as a base to encourage people to visit his hometown, enjoy the landscape and sample the local produce.
We spent some hours walking in the hills and standing upon them taking in the dense forest below, before walking down and getting into the heart of the woodland, picking and eating nuts and berries in the little-trodden land that Maris owns and cultivates.
Eventually, we came to the lake, where we took to a see-through canoe for a peaceful glide through the still waters, gently cutting through surface plants and water lilies. This lake is only accessible via Maris and his tours of the area.
It’s worth noting that the newly established Green Railway route – a sign-posted biking trail through the countryside with 21 points of interest – passes through Ērgļi as it follows the tracks of the old railway lines. Supported by Maris, the renovated station is a prime stop for a local lunch.
Our exploration by foot meant needing to re-fuel before leaving for our next adventure and so we feasted on fresh berries from the woods and perch caught earlier that day from the lake.
LATVIA’S LAKES AND WATERSIDE LIVING
Peaceful, scenic lake stops are a cornerstone of pristine Latvia nature and a perfect wind down from a few hours on the road – the Alauksta lake being the crown of water spots.
While these lakes are not geographically within Gauja National Park, they are beautiful areas within easy distance of it. These were often spots we visited at the end of a day exploring or passed by in the morning for a fresh start the day.
Alauksta lake is one of the deepest lakes in Latvia, reaching maximum depths of up to 7 metres, and considered the most beautiful in Vecpiebalga country. Very much a local hideaway, it’s ideal for a cooling swim or to park up and wander its parameter where you’ll find walking paths, and shaded green areas.
Asaru Lake, which we combined with our trip to Ergli, has a backdrop temptation as you spot the tiny, tree-filled island that sits within it. We were tempted to take a morning swim but had to drive on to our next destination. Yet, this is the beauty of Latvia’s lakes, they are a beautiful rest and recreation spot at any point of the day, for sunrise or sunset reflections, bathing or to find an isolated spot for nature immersion.
Latvia’s Most Famous Castle
Cēsis may be compact, but its creamy pastel-hued streets and boho hangouts are inviting for a slow travel day. However, the reason many come here is to visit the Medieval Cesis Castle – the most well-known and best-preserved castle ruins in Latvia.
A compact circuit that takes you around the castle complex and through various exhibitions, we mostly enjoyed climbing the 16th-century interiors of Western Tower up to the Master’s Chamber and other rooms.
An interactive, multimedia wall-projection video plays in one room, detailing the history of the castle in sound, colour and visual artistry. You will also find the best viewpoints of the castle at varying stages on this climb that look out over Cesis since the castle is situated in the city centre.
Sigulda’s placement in being closest to Riga while being set within the Gauja valley means there is no excuse for it to be missed on a round trip from the capital. Plus there’s a lot to see and do in Sigulda, which makes it a good overnight base. Wander through woodland and greenery, fortresses and cultural monuments or soar high above the valley bed by cable car and zip line.
Sigulda Cultural Highlights
For those with time, the cultural highlights include the Sigulda Livonian Order Castle, Turaida Museum Reserve and the Walking Stick Park.
Livonian Castle is a fortress from 1207 that was a base for crusading knights and later served as a convent. The Turaida Museum – the most visited museum in Latvia – is a protected cultural monument of houses churches and the Turaida Stone Castle, that stand as a living history of the past 1,000 years of Latvian heritage. The Walking Stick Park is a tribute to the 200-year history of Sigulda’s most popular souvenir when walking trips in Sigulda gained popularity in the 1920s and ’30s.
Sigulda Adventure Highlights
For something more adventurous beyond a slow wander in the green and around Krimulda Manor (an 1848 house not rehabilitation centre) after taking the 42m high cable car from one side of the valley to the other, there are some adrenalin options.
Namely, the zip line that runs on a parallel line above the car or the bungee jump off the cable car. Below in the valley, swings, jumps, zorb balls and catapults can be found in the Adventure Park Tarzan or Latvia’s Bobsleigh track take you on a journey with speeds of 80 km/h on this Olympic track with 16 turns.
Sigulda Nature Highlights
Hiking in Latvia is possible in Sigulda, which has a 7 km hiking trail that runs through woodland and eventually brings you to the 10,000-year-old Devil’s Cave. If you don’t have much time, you can drive on a narrow, bumpy pathway that leads down to the River Gauja and the cave, park up and walk for around 10 minutes on the signed tracks to the pedestrian Kajnieku Bridge. If you cross it, you will have a better view of Devil’s Cave and the nature that engulfs it.
More accessible is Gutman’s Cave, which is just metres from the main road that runs through Sigulda and at the opening of the woodland. It is the largest grotto type cave in the Baltic States, with detailed wall inscriptions dated back to the 17th century.
A full-day guided hike in Sigula, dubbed the Switzerland of Latvia, is available taking you through Sigulda’s nature and cultural attractions.
Best Time to Go to Gauja National Park, Latvia
With free admission and open all year-round, when to go to Gauja National Park is down to personal preference on how you wish to view the landscape.
Spring sees the cherry trees in bloom, creating a white canvas; Summer means having the best weather for hiking, biking trails and sun-kissed lake canoe rides and bathing; Autumn sees the park turn into hues of golden brown, crisp orange and yellow and the leaves paint a new layer.
Do you want to also visit Riga as part of your plans? READ MORE: Alternative Riga Travel Guide – Latvia’s Capital Beyond the Old Town
How to get to Gauja National Park (From Riga)
We hired a car at Riga airport, which we returned there after five days. We had full insurance on the car knowing that we would potentially off-road, and find ourselves in dusty, gravel laden and dirty trails.
Keep an adventurous spirit and have patience, as much of Gauja National Park can get tricky to traverse or find campsites in more isolated areas.
It pays to use more than one GPS when driving in Gauja National Park. Often our in-car GPS would give us a wildly different route than Google, and vice versa. Only on one or two occasions did we have to make educated guesses and use our instinct when we knew we were on someone’s land accidentally, and turn around.
Where to Stay in Gauja National Park
Ligatne Hotels and Campsites in Latvian Nature
Hotel Zeit is a former helmet factory repurposed into an artistic hotel and restaurant, Kafe Zeit. The chef, Oskars likes to whip up a healthy and modern take of Latvian cuisine using produce from the neighbouring forests and gardens.
It boasts modern décor with themed rooms, whilst retaining elements of the former interior and design, alongside swing chairs, a piano and funky artwork in corridors, common room and relaxation spaces. The hotel is complete with an outdoor climbing park, for small and big kids alike.
Igates Pils is a cultural monument as well as a place to sleep. A manor house castle with manicured gardens and a small manmade lake, it’s a beautiful place to visit and if you don’t want to stay over, it’s lakeside restaurant serves up high-end, modern Latvian cuisine.
Līgatnes Zemturi is the traditional Latvian campsite where we both stayed and experienced the Latvian Bath Ritual. Located in an area called Venči, the wooden huts are homely, with basic facilities, but give enough comfort in a rustic natural setting.
Vanadziņa māja (Hotel Vanadzina’s House) is a modern, functional design hotel in a renovated old building. In the very centre of Cesis, you will be close to all the major attractions such as Cesis Castle Park.
Sigulda Hotel is an elegant building set in a leafy area close to Sigulda’s Castles and the famed Bobsleigh track. There is a restaurant serving international cuisine, and a swimming pool, sauna and steam room add to the relaxation after a day out in nature.
Planning Your Trip to Gauja National Park
Resources and Further Reading
For further information check out the official Latvia tourism website to help plan and seek further inspiration for where to go and what to do. They helped facilitate our trip and map out our ideal road trip plans.
The Enter Gauja site also has a helpful trip planner, where you can save a list of sites and book experiences.
The Latvian Element is run by passionate locals who provide Latvia nature tours for those wanting more immersive experiences. Our Latvian Bath Ritual, Fire Ritual and Grand Oaks Hike were organised by them.
Gauja National Park Tours
This full-day Cēsis, Sigulda & Turaida Castle tour from Riga is a full-day trip covering highlights of the park and with medieval castles with a guide. The price includes hotel pick up and drop off, transport, guide and all entry fees.
Those looking for a day of adventure on Latvia’s rivers should consider the full-day River Kayaking Tour from Riga to Sigulda. You’ll journey on the Brasla and Gauja rivers to see the natural highlights up close.